What is the self reference effect? (2024)

What is the self-reference effect?

The self-reference effect (SRE) refers to better memory for self-relevant than for other-relevant information. Generally, the SRE is found in conditions in which links between the stimuli and the self are forged in the encoding phase.

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What is the self-reference effect quizlet?

The self-reference effect is the tendency an individual to have better memory for information that relates to oneself than information that is not personally relevant.

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What is the self-reference effect simply psychology?

The self-reference effect refers to people's tendency to better remember information when that information has been linked to the self than when it has not been linked to the self.

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What is an example of the self-reference effect?

The first experiment revealed a clear self-reference effect on memory for people: participants could recall more people with the same first name as their own than could paired participants. For example, Simon retrieved more people called Simon than David did, but David retrieved more people called David than Simon did.

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How do you test self-reference effect?

A simple way to measure the development of self-reference effects in early childhood is to pair to-be-remembered material with a concrete representation of the self such as a self-photograph (see Cunningham et al, 2014; Ross et al, 2011). This supports children in seeing the to-be-remembered material as self-referent.

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What does self-referencing mean in psychology?

n. a tendency to relate events or information to the self, such as by directing discussions toward one's personal concerns and perceptions. —self-refer vb.

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Why is the self-reference effect important?

This is a process known as the self-reference effect. Information that is processed in relation to the self is particularly well remembered, in other words, our self-concept helps us to organise and remember information.

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What is self-reference AP psychology?

Self-reference effect: The tendency to recall information best when it is put into a personal context. Maintenance rehearsal: Repetition of a piece of information to keep it within your active short-term memory.

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What is an example of self referent encoding in psychology?

Examples include being able to attribute personality traits to oneself or to identify recollected episodes as being personal memories of the past. The implications of self-referential processing are evident in many psychological phenomena.

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What is self-reference AP Psychology?

Self-reference effect: The tendency to recall information best when it is put into a personal context. Maintenance rehearsal: Repetition of a piece of information to keep it within your active short-term memory.

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What is the self-reference effect Rogers et al?

Rogers, Kuiper and Kirker (1977) took Craik & Tulving's study a step further by proposing “the self-reference effect” - that is, “the tendency for individuals to have better memory for information that relates to oneself in comparison to material that has less personal relevance” (Mandernach).

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What is the self-reference effect Rogers et al 1977?

The self-reference effect (SRE) in memory refers to the fact that information is better remembered when it has been encoded with reference to self than when it has not (Klein & Loftus, 1988; Kihlstrom, Beer, & Klein, 2003; Rogers, Kuiper, & Kirker, 1977).

What is the self reference effect? (2024)

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